The area of Ajman emirate is about 460sq. Km. while the total area including the international waters is about 600 sqs. Km. & the coastal part of Ajman Emirate of 16 Km. long located on the coast of the Gulf. Ajman Emirates is formed of three geographical regions which are afar of each other & topographically different according to its distance from the coast of the Gulf. These regions are Ajman city, Masfout region & Al Manama region.
The climate of the Emirate in general is moderate as the temperature & the humidity is high in summer, & winter the temperature may reach 25 Degree Celcius..
There are plenty of promises for tourists and tourism in Ajman owing to its varied features of its economic development, currently prevailing in the Emirates. Tourist attractions are represented by the golden sandy beaches and different natural topography lying between mountains and flat sand. And to rop it is the precious historical treasures of Ajman museum containing a host of exhibits displayed in a scientific and charming way.
Due to the Directives of His Highness, Ruler of Ajman, the municipality of Ajman makes considerable efforts to complete the infrastructure construction of the tourism industry by improving and developing the sea-side by making spacious cars parks, pedestrian passage and opening new entertainment centers.
The Ajman National Museum represents one of the main tourist attractions in the City. It is also one of the most important historical forts and fortresses spread all over the country related to the early history of the Emirates. The Museum can be considered with its content of different civilization inheritances which represent the historical year of the Emirate in particular and the area in general, as a center to know the ways of living in the past through the archeological acquisitions, the historical documents and tools which were used during those days as the means of life. The archeological discoveries which happened in the past year prove that Ajman knew the human settlement on its land more than five thousand year ago.
The Belgian delegation of Legant University has found many important discoveries in the area of Muaihat, Al Zawara and Masfout going back to the period 2500 & 3500 B.C. In these discoveries many tools, hand made articles, jewelerly and vessels with different shapes for different purposes were found which indicates these area may have been considered as first civilized human settlements in the past. These archeological discoveries all around the Emirates show that the area had good trading relations with the civilization of Delmon, Jamrat Nasr and Loristion in west, east and south of the gulf, and the civilization of Mohenjodaro in the Sindh valley, India and far East.
The construction boom in Ajman is continuing and improving the infrastructure facilities is in progress. During 1999 and 2000 many high-rise residential and commercial building were constructed, reflecting distinguished architectural designs.
In light of the considerable developments which is witnessed by the Minicipality & Planning Dept. in Ajman, entered GIS (Geographic information systems) which is a computer-based tool mapping & analyzing things that exist on earth.
GIS links information (attributes) to location data (Maps) This link allows us to layer that information to get a better understanding of how it all works together. These abilities distinguish GIS from other information systems and make it valuable to a wide range of public and private establishments in Ajman Emirate. The ability of GIS to search multiple databases and perform complex geographic queries provides significant time and cost savings.
Al Manama Region
It is situated on a leveled land full with rough pebbles & there are some spots of agricultural land available in this region like Munsat Valley, al Safsaf & Boay al Nakhil valley which is located between Ashqar mountain & Ben Alwah Mountain. It's about 60 km. to the east of Ajman city where there is an adjacent road to the region which is also the main road going to Fujairah through Sharjah.
It is about 130 km. far from Ajman to eastern south & includes Sasfout city, Mzairea & Sabeigah towns. The inhabitants descend from the tribes known as Bodawat & Bany Kaab deeply rooted in the area. The area is composed of fascinating scenery mainly calcium stone mountains extending to the Sultanate of Oman. Across these mountains there are valleys with high fertile arable soil & running water during winter as well as summer. There are valleys like Leshn, Gulfa, Leem, Defdhaa, Al Khanfareyah, Al Swamer & Hadf valley. Because of these valleys the area is considered to be an agricultural area in the region.
The fort is believed to have been built in the late eighteenth century. Local materials such as coral stones of the sea and gypsum were used in building this Fort, special tree trunks brought from East Africa were used for its ceiling. In 1820 the Fort, like all other citadels and forts in the Northern Emirates, was shelled by the British war ships. The Fort was destroyed but it was rebuilt by Sheikh Rashid Bin Humaid I ( 1803-1838).
During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the Fort witnessed restoration and addition processes. It remained as residence place of the Ruling Family until the year 1970 when H.H. the late Sheikh Rashid Bin Humaid Al Nuaim (1920-1981) moved to live in Al Zaher Palace and the Fort became the headquarters of Ajman Police during the period (1970-1981). In the late 1980s H.H. Sheikh Humaid Bin Rashid Al Nuaimi, Member of the Supreme Council, Ruler of Ajman, gave his directives to restore the Fort in order to change it in to a museum for Emirates heritage. The restoration process, which was under the supervision of a group of experts, lasted for three years.
Description of the Fort
After World War II, Mr. Remond Aushia, the agent of the British Airways in Sharjah, visited the fort and wrote a detailed article describing the fort in his book “kings of sands”. That visit came as a result of an invitation extended to him by the Ruler of Ajman, the late Sheikh Rashid Bin Humaid Al Nuaimi. The article was wntitled “A Fishing Trip in the Hospitable Reception of Sheikh Rashid Bin Humaid”. He said in his article: “The Palace is a great building which attracts attention. There is a huge arch built on two stands on top of its large gate.
All these were made of dark honey-coloured sand stones. It is one of the most beautiful citadels in Ajman. It is supported by high towers which look like the crusade Citadels in the wall of AKKA in Palestine. Two of these tower were in a direction towards the south. The architecture of the palace was common in the seventeenth century. They looked like battlements because of the unstable conditions of war which prevailed in the desert during that period. The people of Ajman are well known for their heroism throughout the whole region and they are true warriors.